WATCH: Jihadists release last French hostage & Malian opposition leader in major prisoner swap
Following years of negotiations, jihadists in Mali have released several high-profile international hostages, including the last French citizen held anywhere in the world and a top Malian politician, in a major prisoner swap.
Four hostages, including an elderly French aid worker, two Italians and a high-profile Malian opposition leader and former minister, were released by Jihadi militants in Mali, the government announced on Thursday night.
Arrivée de Soumaila CISSE, Sophie PETRONIN et des deux italiens, au Palais de Koulouba. Ils ont été reçus par le Chef de l’Etat, SEM Bah N’DAW, en présence du Vice-président Colonel Assimi GOITA et du Premier ministre Moctar OUANE 1/2 pic.twitter.com/0AYw5U8w4z
— Primature du Mali (@GouvMali) October 8, 2020
Soumaïla Cissé et Sophie Pretronin sont arrivés à Senou pic.twitter.com/XSwzKQEDns
— TRAORÉ 🕒 (@harouna__) October 8, 2020
— Buubu Ardo Galo Maasina (@Ardo_Galo) October 8, 2020
This comes after some 180 suspected extremists were reportedly freed by Malian authorities last weekend, prompting rumors that a prisoner swap was underway. Neither the African country’s government or the French authorities officially confirmed or denied these reports until the hostages were released.
French aid worker Sophie Pétronin, 75, who was abducted by gunmen on 24 December 2016 in the northern city of Gao, was among the four hostages freed. She was the last French citizen held by jihadists.
French President Emmanuel Macron took to Twitter to express his joy. “Sophie Pétronin is free. Held hostage for nearly four years in Mali, her release is a great relief,” he wrote.
70-year-old Soumaïla Cissé, Mali’s former finance minister, leading opposition politician and three-time presidential candidate, who was kidnapped in March in his home region in central Mali, was also released.
“I spent six months in…very difficult living conditions, in almost permanent isolation, but I must confess that I was not subjected to any violence, neither physical nor verbal,” Cissé told ORTM, Mali’s state broadcaster.
Two Italian captives, missionary priest Pierluigi Maccalli and tourist Nicola Chiacchio, were also released.
Hostage negotiations between the French and Malian government and the jihadists were jeopardized in August, when a military junta overthrew President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita. However, the interim government, set to be in power in Mali for 18 months until elections can be held, managed to seal the deal with the al-Qaeda-affiliated insurgents.
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Cissé’s kidnapping was one of myriad factors that prompted the overthrow of the government, as people expressed their anger at the lack of progress in tackling the threat posed by the Islamist insurgency in the country, which has cost so many lives.
He served as Mali’s finance minister in the 1990s and unsuccessfully ran for president three times, most recently losing to overthrown leader President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, in 2013 and 2018.
The Islamist insurgency began in Mali in 2012 and has killed, injured or displaced thousands of people since. France has stationed about 5,100 soldiers in Africa’s Sahel region and its citizens are often targets for kidnappings, as ransom money from European nations form a large part of the insurgency’s funding.
The al-Qaeda-linked group known as JNIM are still believed to be holding several foreign nationals hostage, however. Australian doctor Ken Elliott, Colombian nun Gloria Cecilia Narváez Argoti, South African national Christo Bothma, Swiss national Beatrice Stockly and Romanian citizen Julian Ghergut are all still believed to be held in captivity by jihadists there.
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