Mind-blowing 10-year time-lapse of the Sun captured by Nasa – spewing hot plasma into space in 4K
NASA has released a hypnotic time-lapse video of the Sun.
It shows activity on the fiery star over the past 10 years and is pretty mesmerising.
The time-lapse shows what the Sun has been up to for the past decade[/caption]
The time-lapse is actually made up of a whopping 425 million photographs.
These were taken by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), a Nasa probe that launched in 2010.
Since its launch, the probe has used high resolution imaging to document the Sun on a daily basis.
Scientists now have over 20 million gigabytes of data to analyse from the probe.
Some of this data has been used to create the 60-minute time-lapse.
Nasa said: “With a triad of instruments, SDO captures an image of the Sun every 0.75 seconds.
“The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument alone captures images every 12 seconds at 10 different wavelengths of light.
“This 10-year time lapse showcases photos taken at a wavelength of 17.1 nanometers, which is an extreme ultraviolet wavelength that shows the Sun’s outermost atmospheric layer – the corona.
“Compiling one photo every hour, the movie condenses a decade of the Sun into 61 minutes.
“The video shows the rise and fall in activity that occurs as part of the Sun’s 11-year solar cycle and notable events, like transiting planets and eruptions.”
Nasa has admitted that, although the SDO has remained focused on the Sun, it did miss a few moments over the past decade.
These show up as dark frames in the video.
There’s also parts of the time-lapse which show the Sun slightly off centre.
This was due to the probe adjusting its instruments.
The space agency explained: “While SDO has kept an unblinking eye pointed toward the Sun, there have been a few moments it missed.
“The dark frames in the video are caused by Earth or the Moon eclipsing SDO as they pass between the spacecraft and the Sun.
“A longer blackout in 2016 was caused by a temporary issue with the AIA instrument that was successfully resolved after a week.”
Nasa will continue to watch the Sun for years to come.
The Sun – all the facts you need to know
What is it, why does it exist, and why is it so ruddy hot all the time?
- The Sun is a huge star that lives at the centre of our solar system
- It’s a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, and provides most of the energy for life on Earth
- It measures a staggering 865,000 miles across – making it 109 times bigger than Earth
- But its weight is 330,000 times that of Earth, and accounts for almost all of the mass in the Solar System
- The Sun is mostly made up of hydrogen (73%), helium (25%) and then a number of other elements like oyxgen, carbon and iron
- Its surface temperature is around 5,505C
- Scientists describe the Sun as being “middle-aged”
- The Sun formed 4.6billion years ago, and tt’s been in its current state for around four billion years
- It’s expected that it will remain stable for another five billion years
- It doesn’t have enough mass to explode as a supernova
- Instead, we expect it to turn a hulking red giant
- During this phase, it will be so big that it will engulf Mercury, Venus and Earth
- Eventually it will turn into an incredibly hot white dwarf, and will stay that way for trillions of years
Most read in Science
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What do you make of this time-lapse? Let us know in the comments…
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